What Are Gum Diseases?

What Are Gum Diseases?

Posted by Colorado Wellness Dentistry on Jul 15 2021, 08:13 AM

The swelling of the tissue around the teeth because of poor oral hygiene is known as gum disease. It is a common condition that varies in severity. 

Types of Gum Diseases

  • Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. It makes the gum look red, swollen, and bleed. People usually feel little to no discomfort during this stage. However, it could be treated professionally or by maintaining good oral hygiene regularly.

Gingivitis could be due to several factors that include smoking, diabetes, stress, consumption of specific medications, etc.

  • Periodontitis

The gingivitis that does not get timely treatment could cause periodontitis. When you do not treat the accumulated plaque on your teeth, it spreads further and gives birth to bacteria that irritate the gums. It separates the gums from the teeth, making them infected. If not treated properly, it could lead to severe gum problems that can weaken both your bone and the gums of your teeth.

What Causes Gum Diseases?

If a person does not follow proper oral hygiene, plaque accumulates on their teeth and infects the gum drastically. However, there are other factors involved in the increase of gum disease that include:

  • Smoking or consuming tobacco
  • Crooked or overlapped teeth
  • Hormonal changes like puberty, pregnancy, and menopause.
  • Chemotherapy
  • Alcohol
  • Stress
  • Poor nutrition or large intakes of sugary foods
  • Diabetes
  • Specific medicines
  • Poor saliva production

Symptoms of Gum Diseases

A person who has gum disease will notice one or two of the following symptoms:

  • Red or swollen gums that bleed every time you brush or floss your teeth.
  • Bad mouth odor
  • Bad taste
  • White-colored spots or plaque accumulated on the gums
  • Gums that look like they are separating themselves from your teeth
  • Formation of pus between gum or gaps between the teeth
  • Loss of teeth
  • Changes in the fitting of the partial dentures

Treatment for Gum Diseases

By maintaining good oral hygiene, one can treat gum diseases. Apart from that, you can visit your dentist for other treatments like:

  • Teeth cleaning -You can treat your gum disease by getting your teeth cleaned professionally.
  • Medications - In case of severe infection, your dentist may first try to treat it with the help of medicines. It may include mouthwash, chips, and antibiotics.
  • Surgery -If the gum disease is not relieved by medication, the dentist will opt for the last option, i.e., surgery. They will lift back the gums and remove the accumulated plaque or tartar. Then, they will suture the gums in place and fit them properly around the teeth.

If you encounter any gum disease symptoms, consult your dentist as soon as possible.

Get the best gum disease treatment from Colorado Wellness Dentistry. For more information and appointments call us at (303) 798-1068, book online, and visit us at 9085 E Mineral Cir #220, Centennial, CO 80112.

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9085 E Mineral Cir #220, Centennial, CO 80112

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