What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Posted by COLORADO WELLNESS DENTISTRY on Oct 13 2022, 05:15 AM

A periodontal infection happens when the bacteria in your mouth create a plaque that hardens into tartar, which attaches to the teeth. This bacteria can cause gum disease and tooth loss if not treated early. Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal infection, which is treatable with a thorough professional cleaning. However, if left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis.

There are three stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. After treating the early stages of the disease, patients will then need additional treatment, such as scaling and root planing or gum surgery to treat advanced periodontitis.

Good oral health habits are the best prevention against gum disease. Brushing and flossing your teeth at least twice a day helps prevent the buildup of bacteria and discoloration on your teeth. Be sure to visit your dentist for regular checkups every six months for a professional cleaning and exam. Your dentist can diagnose any signs of disease and help you get the treatment you need.

The risk factors that result in gum disease are:

Poor Oral Hygiene

Not brushing and flossing daily is the most common cause of gum disease. Plaque builds up on your teeth every day, and regular dental hygiene is needed to remove it. If you don’t remove plaque regularly, it will slowly build up along your gum line, causing your gums to become inflamed. Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease that can be treated through improved hygiene habits.


Diabetes causes blood sugar to rising, which damages blood vessels and tissue in your mouth. This can cause infections to develop in your gums, leading to chronic periodontal disease. To help prevent diabetes from harming your oral health, make sure you are taking the proper medication for your condition and get regular checkups and cleanings.


Smoking is the leading cause of periodontal disease. The toxins in cigarettes, cigars, and pipes can weaken the bone and gum tissues over time. Smokers are more likely to develop gum disease than non-smokers.

Additionally, the smoke from tobacco can stain your teeth. Even if you brush your teeth often, this will not remove the stains completely. Some types of tobacco use also increase your risk of mouth cancer.

If you do smoke or use tobacco products, it’s important to talk to your dentist about quitting or cutting back. Your dentist can help you create a plan to quit smoking or start using less tobacco.


Genetics plays a role in the development of gum disease, but it is not the only factor. Even if your parents had gum disease, you might not have it yourself. Your genetics only influence your susceptibility to the disease, not whether or not you will develop it. Other factors are at play as well.

In fact, even if you do have a family history of gum disease, you can prevent it from developing into a serious health problem by maintaining good oral hygiene practices and visiting the dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.

Hormonal Changes

Did you know that hormonal changes in your body can cause dry mouth? When women are pregnant or going through menopause, blood flow to the gums is decreased, and saliva production is reduced. A dry mouth allows bacteria to multiply in your mouth, which will eventually lead to gum disease. 

Our dental practice is equipped with the best cosmetic dentists and modern technologies that enable the best dental care for patients. For any queries relating to gum disease, call Colorado Wellness Dentistry at (303) 798-1068 or visit us at 9085 E Mineral Cir #220, Centennial, CO 80112.

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9085 E Mineral Cir #220, Centennial, CO 80112

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Phone: (303) 798-1068

Colorado Wellness Dentistry

Colorado Wellness Dentistry is at the forefront of dental treatment for our patients, who are focused on whole body health. Our office understands that oral healthcare is the gateway to the rest of a person’s wellness. We care for our patients as a whole person. Dr. Williams uses modern courses of treatment including LANAP for gum disease and periodontal problems, Bioclear for cosmetic and alternative treatment to crowns, Mercury removal for overall health and wellness for metal sensitive patients, and whole family dental care. When you find a home at Colorado Wellness Dentistry you feel in control of your treatment and oral health.

Dentist Centennial CO



Patients seeking gum disease treatment can now turn to the new, minimally invasive LANAP® (Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure). By using this new laser technology, a dentist for gum disease can remove diseased tissue without using a scalpel. The LANAP® gum disease treatment works by inserting a small fiber between the tooth and the gum and sending a pulsed laser light to remove all bacteria and infected tissue from the area. The laser is then used again to stimulate the bone and tissue in a way that encourages regrowth. By removing only the infected tissue, LANAP® gum disease treatment reduces bleeding and minimizes recovery time.

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  Gum Disease



Do you experience sore or bleeding gums when brushing or flossing your teeth? Do you have severe pain when chewing food? These symptoms can be the warning signs of gum disease - gingivitis or periodontitis. It is important to address these conditions at the earliest stages to prevent future complications.

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Bioclear is the latest and most innovative technique of dental restoration. It is a procedure that has evolved from the traditional use of amalgam fillings to contemporary composite restorations. It helps the dentist to give superior all-around treatment to traditional fillings.

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Dr. Mitchell J. Williams and Dr. Steven C. Olsen, located in Centennial, CO, serving patients from Greenwood Village, CO, Highlands Ranch, CO, and Aurora, CO. We are looking forward to welcoming you to our office and encourage you to schedule your appointment today!

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