Defeating Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Defeating Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Posted by COLORADO WELLNESS DENTISTRY on Feb 7 2024, 08:48 PM

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common dental issue that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is caused by bacteria in plaque, which forms on the teeth when proper oral hygiene practices are not followed.

The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. During this stage, the gums become inflamed and may bleed easily while brushing or flossing. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease. Periodontitis involves damage to the tissues and bones that support the teeth. As it progresses, pockets can form between the gums and teeth, leading to further infection and tooth loss if not treated promptly. If you suspect you have gum disease in Centennial, CO, contact our dentists, Dr. Williams and Dr. Olsen, here at Colorado Wellness Dentistry immediately. They will assess your condition and recommend an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

Causes of Gum Disease

Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial for a healthy smile, but sometimes, even the most diligent brushing and flossing routines can't prevent gum disease. Understanding the causes of gum disease in Centennial, CO, can help you take proactive steps to protect your oral health.

Poor oral hygiene is one of the primary culprits behind gum disease. When plaque builds up on teeth due to inadequate brushing or flossing, it can lead to inflammation and infection in the gums. Other factors that contribute to gum disease include smoking, hormonal changes (such as during pregnancy), certain medications, genetics, and systemic diseases like diabetes.

Plaque isn’t just an invisible enemy; it’s also responsible for causing gum disease. This sticky film contains harmful bacteria that release toxins when left untreated. Over time, these toxins irritate the gums and cause them to become inflamed and infected.

Furthermore, neglecting regular dental check-ups allows tartar (hardened plaque) to accumulate on teeth surfaces. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing alone and provides a perfect breeding ground for bacteria.

In addition to poor oral hygiene habits and plaque buildup, lifestyle choices play a significant role in developing gum disease. Smoking weakens the immune system's ability to fight infections while increasing inflammation in the body - including the gums!

Symptoms and Warning Signs

When it comes to gum disease in Centennial, CO, early detection is key. Being aware of the symptoms and warning signs can help you take action before the condition worsens.

  • One common symptom of gum disease is redness or swelling in the gums. Healthy gums should be pink and firm, so any changes in color or texture could indicate a problem. Another sign to watch out for is bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing. If your gums bleed easily, it could be a signal that something isn't right.
  • Bad breath that persists despite regular oral hygiene practices can also be a warning sign of gum disease. This unpleasant odor is often caused by bacteria accumulating in pockets around the teeth and gums.
  • Some individuals may experience tooth sensitivity as an early indicator of gum disease. If you find yourself wincing when eating hot or cold foods, it's worth getting your gums checked by a dental professional.
  • Loose teeth or shifting bite alignment are more advanced symptoms that should not be ignored. These indicate that the supporting structures around your teeth are damaged and require immediate attention.

Remember, paying attention to these symptoms can help catch gum disease early on when treatment options are most effective!

Treatment Options

When it comes to treating gum disease in Centennial, CO, there are several options available to help you regain your oral health. The specific treatment recommended will depend on the severity of your condition and the underlying causes.

  • In mild cases of gum disease, a thorough dental cleaning known as scaling and root planing may be sufficient. This involves removing plaque and tartar buildup from above and below the gumline, as well as smoothing out rough spots on the tooth roots to prevent bacteria from reattaching.
  • For more advanced cases, periodontal surgery may be necessary. This can involve various procedures such as pocket reduction surgery, bone grafts, or tissue regeneration techniques. These treatments aim to eliminate deep pockets between the gums and teeth, restore damaged bone tissues, or promote new tissue growth.
  • Additionally, laser therapy, or LANAP, has emerged as an effective alternative for treating gum disease. Laser treatments target infected areas without damaging healthy tissues while stimulating healing processes in the gums.
  • It's important to note that prevention is key to avoiding gum disease altogether or preventing its recurrence after treatment. Regular brushing and flossing, along with routine visits to our dentist in Centennial, CO, are essential for maintaining optimal oral hygiene.

By maintaining good oral hygiene practices and regularly visiting your dentist in Centennial for professional care, you can keep your gums healthy and avoid the discomfort and potential complications associated with gum disease.

Schedule an appointment with a dentist at 9085 E Mineral Cir #220, Centennial, CO 80112 by calling us at (303) 798-1068 or filling out our online form to request an appointment time. Colorado Wellness Dentistry is equipped with the best cosmetic dentists and modern technologies that enable the best dental care for patients. Our team is looking forward to meeting you soon!

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9085 E Mineral Cir #220, Centennial, CO 80112

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Phone: (303) 798-1068

Colorado Wellness Dentistry

Colorado Wellness Dentistry is at the forefront of dental treatment for our patients, who are focused on whole body health. Our office understands that oral healthcare is the gateway to the rest of a person’s wellness. We care for our patients as a whole person. Dr. Williams uses modern courses of treatment including LANAP for gum disease and periodontal problems, Bioclear for cosmetic and alternative treatment to crowns, Mercury removal for overall health and wellness for metal sensitive patients, and whole family dental care. When you find a home at Colorado Wellness Dentistry you feel in control of your treatment and oral health.

Dentist Centennial CO



Patients seeking gum disease treatment can now turn to the new, minimally invasive LANAP® (Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure). By using this new laser technology, a dentist for gum disease can remove diseased tissue without using a scalpel. The LANAP® gum disease treatment works by inserting a small fiber between the tooth and the gum and sending a pulsed laser light to remove all bacteria and infected tissue from the area. The laser is then used again to stimulate the bone and tissue in a way that encourages regrowth. By removing only the infected tissue, LANAP® gum disease treatment reduces bleeding and minimizes recovery time.

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  Gum Disease



Do you experience sore or bleeding gums when brushing or flossing your teeth? Do you have severe pain when chewing food? These symptoms can be the warning signs of gum disease - gingivitis or periodontitis. It is important to address these conditions at the earliest stages to prevent future complications.

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Bioclear is the latest and most innovative technique of dental restoration. It is a procedure that has evolved from the traditional use of amalgam fillings to contemporary composite restorations. It helps the dentist to give superior all-around treatment to traditional fillings.

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Dr. Mitchell J. Williams and Dr. Steven C. Olsen, located in Centennial, CO, serving patients from Greenwood Village, CO, Highlands Ranch, CO, and Aurora, CO. We are looking forward to welcoming you to our office and encourage you to schedule your appointment today!

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